What is Noun? | Noun definition | Noun examples| Types | Free Test

What is Noun in English Grammar?

Noun Definition in English

A noun is the name of any person, creature, place, thing, or feeling. Noun meaning is what we see at our surroundings. In a Sentence a Noun can be a Subject, Direct Objects, Indirect objects and complements. All these nouns are classified into some major types of noun. Let’s read all types with example for better understanding.

Noun Definition in Hindi

किसी भी व्यक्ति, प्राणी, स्थान, वस्तु या भाव के नाम को संज्ञा कहते हैं। संज्ञा का अर्थ वह है जो हम अपने परिवेश में देखते हैं। एक वाक्य में एक संज्ञा, एक Subject, Direct Objects, Indirect objects और complements हो सकती है। इन सभी संज्ञाओं को कुछ प्रमुख प्रकार में वर्गीकृत किया गया है।

Noun Examples

PersonNarendra Modi, Rahul Gandhi, Sushma Swaraj Etc.
CreatureLion, Eagle, Snake, Whale Etc.
PlaceDelhi, Mumbai, America, Europe Etc.
ThingsLaptop, Chair, Tables Etc.
FeelingHappiness, Sadness, Excitement Etc.
Noun Examples

Free Noun Quiz with MCQ

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Types of Noun - Quiz

Attempt questions of noun and read about Types of Noun for better undertesting.

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Rohit's .................................. was liked by one and all.

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Generosity is ...............

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Which of the following is a collective nouns?

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Substances are classified as ...............

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Particular Person are called.......

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.................................. is the mother of all invention.

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Patience and ................................ can overcome all obstacles.

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To which Gender does the word ' teacher' belong?

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School is called.....

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.............................. is a noble virture.

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Army is .........

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Which of the following nouns is always used in the singular number ?

Types of Noun in English Grammar

Based on Noun definition and noun meaning everything can be divided into different types of Noun. There are five types of nouns. Let’s read and understand with Noun examples.

Types of Noun in EnglishTypes of Noun in Hindi
Proper Nounव्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा
Common Nounजातिवाचक संज्ञा
Collective Nounसमूहवाचक संज्ञा
Material Nounद्रव्यवाचक संज्ञा
Abstract Nounभाववाचक संज्ञा
Types of Noun – English Philosophy

Proper Noun

Proper Nouns are those which are particular and denote any specific Person, Place, or things. Proper Nouns are with the proper name of any Nouns.


Proper Noun Example

Akash Soni, Narendra Modi
Delhi, Mumbai, America

If there is a noun as Delhi, it means we are talking about the specific city of India. Akash Soni is a specific name of any person.

Common Noun

A common noun is a name of something which is common or indicates a specific group of any person, place, or thing.

Common Noun Example

Teacher, Doctor, King, Country, City Etc.

The teacher is not specified to any particular person, City can be anyone, it is not specified.

Collective Noun

If multiple nouns are collected as individuals in a group then that group is known as collective Noun.

Collective Noun Example

A class of students
A bunch of grapes
A bundle of sticks
A board of directors

Here in the above example (Class, Bunch, Bundle, Board) represent the group of similar kind of individuals so these groups are known as a collective noun.

Material Noun

Material Noun refers to the substances like gold, silver, iron, coal, wood which is mainly used to create other objects.

Material Noun Example

Gold, Silver, Iron, Wood etc.

Abstract Noun

Abstract nouns usually denote the idea, feeling, action, quality, and state of anything.

Abstract Noun Example

Honesty, Bravery, Poverty, Darkness, Sickness Etc.

There are different types of Abstract Noun which can be classified into different ways. Look at below table.

QualityActionState
GoodnessLaughterBoyhood
HonestyJudgementInfancy
KindnessGrowthchildhood
PovertyTheftBrotherhood
BraveryServiceFriendship
Types of Abstract Noun

Abstract Nouns are generally formed from Adjective, Verb and Common Nouns. Let’s learn.

Abstract Noun formed from Adjective:

AdjectiveAbstract Noun
LongLength
GoodGoodness
TrueTruth
KindKindness
HonestHonesty
GreatGreatness
YoungYouth
wiseWisdom
PoorPoverty
DeepDepth
Abstract Noun formed by adjectives

Abstract Noun formed from Adjective:

VerbAbstract Noun
ThinkThought
SeeSeight
LaughLaughter
GrowGrowth
GovernGovernment
ServeService
ObeyObedience
PractisePractice
LiveLife
KnowKnowledge
Abstract Noun formed from Adjective

Abstract Noun formed from common nouns:

Common NounAbstract Noun
SlaveSlavery
boyBoyhood
childchildhood
InfantInfancy
FriendFriendship
LeaderLeadership
CowardCowardice
HeroHeroism
JudgeJudgement
AgentAgency
Abstract Noun formed from common nouns

Apart from these types of noun, Further Noun can be classified between some more categorization.

We have created separate lesson for these Nouns, Read below lessons by clicking on links.

Collective Nouns

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Number

Gender

Articles

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Also Read : English Grammar Topics

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