What is Adjective? | Adjective meaning| Adjective examples| Types | Free Test

What is Adjective in English Grammar?

An adjective is a word in a sentence that shows the characteristics of a noun or pronoun. Adjective meaning may describe, identify or quantify nouns or pronouns. Further a sentence may have different types of adjective that need to understand.

Adjective quiz with MCQ

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Types of Adjective - Quiz

Attempt questions related to Adjective and Types and read about Types of Adjective for better undertesting.

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The ____ lamb. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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Please give me some water. (Adjectives of Quantity)

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The ____ owl. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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She sings a sweet song. (Adjectives of Quality)

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Whose exercise-book is this? 'Whose' is:

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He has a golden chain. (Adjectives of Quality)

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Is there any tea in the pot? (Adjectives of Quantity)

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The ____ bat. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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She is feeling much pain. (Adjectives of Quantity)

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The ____ mule. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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The ____ bee. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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Ashok was a great king. The 'Great' is:

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The ____ giraffe. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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Any adjective that tells about person, place or things.

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The ____ hare. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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The ____ fox. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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The ____ tortoise. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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Adjective that tell us how many persons or things are there, are called:

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My father has much money. (Adjectives of Quantity)

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Describing words are known as………….

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The ____ dog. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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He has no hope of his life. (Adjectives of Quantity)

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Monkeys have lonng tails. (Adjectives of Quality)

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What is the superlative degree of 'Good'?

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My coat is tight. (Adjectives of Quality)

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What is Adjective of Number?

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The ____ elephant. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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What is the original degree of any adjective?

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The cow eats green grass. (Adjectives of Quality)

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The ____ peacock. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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That boy is my friend. My is:

Adjective examples

Ram is an intelligent boy.

Delhi is a beautiful city.

I need little sugar in my tea.

Cheetah is the fastest animal on earth.

Audi is one of the costliest cars.

Types of Adjective - English Philosophy
Types of Adjective – English Philosophy

Types of Adjective

Based on different meaning adjective can be divided into further types. Below are list of adjective types with definition and examples.

Adjective of Quality

Adjective of Quality are the words that show the qualities of any noun or pronoun.

Example of Adjective of quality

Ram is an intelligent boy.

Delhi is a beautiful city.

Adjective of Quantity

Adjective of quantity are the words that show the quantity of any noun or pronoun.

Adjective Example of quantity

I need little sugar in my tea.

You have few minutes to complete your exam.

Adjective of Number

Adjective of Number are the words that show the number or position of any noun or pronoun.

Adjective Example of Number

The first bench is reserved for a disabled person.

She stood third in the class.

Possessive Adjectives

Possessive adjectives are the words that show the possession or relation to a noun or pronoun. My, our, your, his, her, their, are some of the possessive adjectives.

Possessive Example of Adjectives

This is my new book.

Mr. Sharma is our class teacher.

Demonstrative Adjective

Demonstrative adjectives are the words that indicate, demonstrate, and show relation to nouns or pronouns.

Demonstrative Example of Adjective

This book is mine.

That boy is the class monitor.

Interrogative Adjectives

Interrogative adjectives are the words that are used as questions for any noun or pronouns. 

Interrogative Example of Adjective

Which book is yours?

Whose notes are these?

Participial Adjectives

Participial adjectives are the words that ends in -en/ -ed or -ing.

Participial Example of adjective 

I like your smiling face.

you are a hardworking boy.

Formation of Adjective

Adjective are the words that modifies the sentences whether in positive or negative ways. Most of the adjective words are natural but some of the words are being created with suffixes and prefixes. Let’s read these adjective words with suffix and prefix.

Adjective words can be formed by adding suffixes like able, y, ish, ous, some, ly to the main words.

DailyDay+ly
WholeWhole+some
ReddishRed+ish
CraftyCraft+y
BearableBear+able
DangerousDanger+ous
Adjective with suffixes

Some adjective words can be formed by adding prefixes like dis-, im-, in-, un-

DishonestDis+honest
InefficientIn+efficient
InefficientIn+efficient
IrresponsibleIr+responsible
uncertainUn+certain
ImpossibleImpossible
Adjective with prefixes

Degree of Comparison in adjective

Degree of comparison is an important characteristics of adjective, words with these degree shows the power of adjective. there are three degree of any adjective.

Positive Degree
Comparative Degree
Superlative Degree
Degree of Comparison in adjective

Let’s understand the definitions of all three degrees of adjective

Positive Degree

If any words is in its simple form that it is considered as Positive degree. Positive degree is just to express simple quality or characteristics of Noun or pronoun.

Example of positive degree

Ravi is a strong boy.

Comparative Degree

Comparative degree denotes some higher degree to the adjective which is being said for someone. Comparative degrees are generally used to compare nouns or pronouns.

Example of Comparative degree

Ravi is stronger boy than Akash.

Superlative Degree

Superlative degree is the highest measurement of adjective used for any Noun or Pronoun. Superlative degree are used when more than two nouns or pronouns are being compared.

Example of Superlative degree

Ravi is strongest boy in the class.

Formation of Comparative and Superlative Degree

Comparative and superlative degree are formed only for two types of adjective, Adjective of quality and Adjective of quantity. Let’s have a look on below rules or formation of degree.

Most common formation of degree to comparative and superlative are by adding ‘er’ and ‘est’ in adjective words.

Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree
BoldBolderBoldest
FastFasterFastest
BigBiggerBiggest
SmallSmallerSmallest
CleaverCleavererCleaverest
KindKinderKindest
OldOlderOldest
StrongStrongerStrongest
WeakWeakerWeakest
YoungYoungerYoungest

Some adjective are converted in upper degree by adding -e, -r, -st to the main adjective words.

Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree
FineFinerFinest
AbleAblerAblest
NobleNoblerNoblest
TrueTruerTruest
WiseWiserWisest
WhiteWhiterWhitest

Some positive degree use rules like, if adjective ends with y and having consonant before it then Y changed in i, and if word has Y and vowel before it then there is no change in word of comparative and superlative. Let’s read below example

Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree
DryDrierDriest
WealthyWealthierWealthiest
GayGayerGayest
GreyGreyerGreyest

Some of the adjective words use More and Most in Comparative and Superlative degree for adjective words.

Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree
BeautifulMore beautifulMost beautiful
CarefulMore carefulMost careful
IntelligentMore intelligentMost intelligent

Some Adjective are different in comparative and superlative degree.

Positive DegreeComparative degreeSuperlative degree
GoodBetterBest
BadWorseWorst
ManyMoreMost
The above MCQ quizzes of Adjective consists below questions.
Ashok was a great king. The ‘Great’ is:
Adjective that tell us how many persons or things are there, are called:
Whose exercise-book is this? ‘Whose’ is:
That boy is my friend. My is:
My coat is tight. (Adjectives of Quality)
He has a golden chain. (Adjectives of Quality)
Monkeys have lonng tails. (Adjectives of Quality)
The cow eats green grass. (Adjectives of Quality)
She sings a sweet song. (Adjectives of Quality)
My father has much money. (Adjectives of Quantity)
Please give me some water. (Adjectives of Quantity)
She is feeling much pain. (Adjectives of Quantity)
Is there any tea in the pot? (Adjectives of Quantity)
He has no hope of his life. (Adjectives of Quantity)
The ____ dog. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ bee. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ tortoise. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ lamb. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ elephant. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ bat. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ fox. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ mule. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ peacock. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ owl. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ giraffe. (Use appropriate Adjective)
The ____ hare. (Use appropriate Adjective)

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