What is Number In English Grammar?
When we are talking about any person, place or things as noun and acknowledge that it is one or more than one. So Number In English Grammar is essential to know. Number In English Grammar shows us the number of that things.
जब हम किसी व्यक्ति, स्थान या चीजों के बारे में संज्ञा के रूप में बात करते हैं और स्वीकार करते हैं कि वह वस्तु एक या एक से अधिक है। इसलिए Number in English Grammar को जानना आवश्यक है। Number in English Grammar हमें उन चीजों की संख्या दिखाता है।
To analyze noun for countable and uncountable is quite important as an error can lead to change whole sentence. Mostly any noun can be divided into two major parts of Number as ‘just one thing’ and ‘more than one things.’
There are two parts of Number in English Grammar.
Singular Number & Plural Number
What is Singular Number?
If any noun is single in counting, means there is only one thing to count then that is being referred as Singular Number.
यदि कोई संज्ञा गिनती में एक है, तो उसे एकवचन कहा जाता है।
Ex: Boy, Rat, Chair, Mango, Baby Etc.
What is Plural Number?
If any noun is in more than one form in counting, means there are more than one thing to count then that is being referred as Plural Number.
यदि कोई संज्ञा गिनती में एक से अधिक है, तो उसे बहुवचन कहा जाता है।
Ex: Boys, Rats, Chairs, Mangoes, Babies Etc.
Singular to plural rules
- Most of nouns are formed plural by adding ‘S’ to singular nouns.
|Eye – Eyes||Bee – Bees|
|Rose – Roses||Year – Years|
2. Noun ending with hissing sound (S, SS, SH, CH, X) are formed plural by adding ‘es’ at the end of the singular nouns.
|Class – Classes||Dress – Dresses|
|Box – Boxes||Match – Matches|
3. If Noun ends with ‘Y’ and has a consonant before ‘Y’, then its plural is formed by changing ‘Y’ into ‘ies.’
|Puppy – Puppies||country – countries|
|Story – Stories||Reply – Replies|
4. If noun ends with ‘Y’ and has a vowel before ‘Y’ then its plural is formed by adding only ‘S’ at end.
|Keys – Keys||Boy – Boys|
|Joy – Joys||Essay – Essays|
5. If any noun ends with ‘F’ or ‘Fe’ then to form their plural we need to change ‘F’ or ‘Fe’ into ‘Ves’.
|Loaf – Loaves||Thief – Thieves|
|Life – Lives||Half – Halves|
But in this case there are some of the exception which form plural just by adding ‘S’ at the end of the word.
|Chief – Chiefs||Dwarf – Dwarfs|
|Proof – Proofs|
6. Noun ending with ‘O’ and if they have a consonant before them, then to form their plural we add ‘es’ at the end of the singular word.
|Potato – Potatoes||Hero – Heroes|
|Mosquito – Mosquitoes||Tomato – Tomatoes|
But in this case there are some of the exception which form plural by adding ‘S’.
|Bamboo – Bamboos||Photo – Photos|
|Radio – Radios|
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7. Some Noun form their plural by changing internal vowels of singular words.
|Foot – Feet||Tooth – Teeth|
|Man – Men||Woman – Women|
8. Some of the singular nouns are forming plural by adding ‘en’ or ‘ren’ at the end of the singular words.
|Ox – Oxen||Child – Children|
9. Some of the singular words are forming plural by adding ‘S(apostrophe) or simply ‘S’ in abbreviation singular Nouns.
|B.A. – B.A.’S / BAs|
|M.L.A – M.L.A’S / MLAs|
10. Some of the compound singular nouns are forming plural by adding ‘S’ in Main words.
|Mother in law – Mothers in law|
|Commander in chief – Commanders in chief|
|Pick Pocket – Pick pockets|
Major Exception in Number for Singular to plural rules
- Hyphenated noun does not have plural form.
|He gave me two hundred-rupee notes.|
|He stays in five-star hotels.|
Here in above example ‘ two hundred-rupee’ and ‘Five-Star’ will not have any plurals.
2. Some Nouns have same formation in both singular and plural. plural of sheep would be Sheep only.
|This sheep has no wool on it.|
Those sheep has no wool on it.
|This deer has long horns.|
Those deer have long horns.
|There is fish in the aquarium.|
There are fish in the aquarium.
3. Some nouns are always singular, there is no plural of these words.
|Furniture, News, Scenery, Advice, Jewellery|
4. Some nouns are always plural, there is no singular of these words.
|Cattle, People, Scissors, Trousers.|